Thursday, May 9, 2013

Second Prime Minister of India–Shastri

This blog is about the second Prime Minister of India-Lal Bahadur Shastri. He was a true Indian and an honest man who died when he was in debt. The present day politicians should learn from his moral and ethical life and serve the country before service to their self.

Shastri was conceived in Mughal Sarai in the Chandauli district of the United Provinces in British administered India. His father, Shri Sharada Srivastava Prasad, was a teacher, who later got a representative in the Revenue Office at Allahabad. Shastri's father bit the dust when he was just a year old. His mother, Ramdulari Devi, took him and his two sisters to her father's house and settled down there. His early education was at the East Central Railway Inter College in Mughalsarai and Varanasi. Kashi Vidyapeeth bestowed on him first-class degree with the title of Shastri (Scholar) in 1926. This title–Shastri–however stayed as a feature of his name. Shastri was affected by major Indian patriot pioneers incorporating Tilak. Later he was enormously impacted by the socialism of Jawaharlal Nehru, whose left-wing faction in the Congress gathering he would possibly join.

Lal Bahadur Shastri's family photo

On 16 May 1928, Shastri wedded Lalita Devi of Mirzapur. He had five kids, Hari Krishna Shashtri, Anil Shastri and Sunil Shashtri, who were everything Congress government officials. His offspring Anil Shastri is still a senior guide of the Congress gathering. 

Shastri, who fit in with the Kayastha rank/caste, dropped his surname Srivastava as it demonstrated his standing and he was against the caste-system, a major guideline of the Gandhian development. Shastri additionally enlisted himself as a life part of the Servants of the People Society and started to work for the upliftment of the Harijans under Gandhi's course at Muzaffarpur. Later he came to be the President of the Society.
Ancestral home of Lal Bahadur Shastri, at Ram Nagar, Varanasi
Shastri joined the Indian autonomy development in 1921. His early exercises incorporated support in the non-cooperation movement for which he was imprisoned for short duration by the British. He was let off as he was then still a minor.
Lal Bahadur Shastri's personal room after renovation
Shastri took part in the Salt Satyagraha in 1930. He was detained for more than two years. Later, he filled in as the Organizing Secretary of the Parliamentary Board of U.P. in 1937. In 1940, he was sent to jail for one year, for offering single Satyagraha underpin to the freedom movement. 

On 8 August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi issued the Quit India discourse at Gowalia Tank in Mumbai, requesting that the British leave India. Shastri, who had barely then turned out a year later in jail, made a trip to Allahabad. For a week, he sent directions to the opportunity contenders from Jawaharlal Nehru home, Anand Bhavan. A couple of days after the fact, he was captured and detained until 1946. Shastri was in prison for nearly nine years. Throughout his stays in jail, he invested time perusing books and ended up being acquainted with the works of western thinkers, revolutionaries and social reformers. He likewise deciphered the life account of Marie Curie into Hindi.

Emulating India's autonomy, Shastri was named Parliamentary Secretary in his home state, Uttar Pradesh. He ended up being the Minister of Police and Transport under Govind Ballabh Pant's Chief Ministership on 15 Aug 1947 emulating Rafi Ahmed Kidwai's takeoff to get serve at focus. As the Transport Minister, he was the first to select ladies conductors. As the clergyman accountable for the Police Department, he requested that police utilize streams of water as a substitute for lathis to scatter rowdy swarms. His tenure as police minister (As Home Minister was called before 1950) saw auspicious controlling of public mobs in 1947, mass relocation and resettlement of evacuees and break-in and putting of icons in debated Babri Masjid–Ram Janmabhoomi unpredictable on 22 Dec 1949.

Under his tenure as the Cabinet Minister of Railways and Transport on Sep 1956, he offered his abdication after a track mishap at Mahbubnagar that expedited 112 deaths. Nonetheless, Nehru did not acknowledge his resignation. Three months after the fact, he surrendered tolerating ethical and protected authority regarding a line mishap at Ariyalur in Tamil Nadu that brought about 144 casualties. While talking in Parliament on the episode, Nehru stated that he was tolerating the acquiescence since it might set an illustration in protected genuineness and not in light of the fact that Shastri was in any manner answerable for the mishap. In 1957, Shastri came back to the Cabinet taking after the General Elections, first as the Minister for Transport and Communications, then afterward as the Minister of Commerce and Industry. In 1961, he got to the chair of Union Home Minister. As Union Home Minister he was instrumental in selecting the Committee on Prevention of Corruption under the Chairmanship of K. Santhanam. Jawaharlal Nehru bit the dust in office on 27 May 1964 and left a void. At that point Congress Party President K. Kamaraj made Shastri as the PM of India. Shastri, however unassuming and delicate talked, was a Nehruvian socialist and appealed those wishing to avert the rising of preservationist right-winger Morarji Desai.

In his first telecast as Prime Minister, on 11 June 1964, Shastri stated:

"There comes a period in the life of each country when it stands at the cross-ways of history and must pick which path to go. At the same time for us there need be no trouble or faltering, no looking to right or left. Our way is straight and clear—the advancing of a socialist democracy at home with flexibility and flourishing for all, and the support to world peace and fellowship with all countries."

He advertised the White Revolution–a national battle to expand the creation and supply of milk–by supporting the Amul Milk Co-operative of Anand, Gujarat and making the National Dairy Development Board. While talking on the ceaseless sustenance deficiencies over the nation, Shastri urged individuals to voluntarily surrender one dish with the goal that the safeguarded nourishment could be dispersed to the influenced masses. Throughout the 22-day war with Pakistan in 1965, Shastri made the motto of "Jai Jawan Jai Kisan" ("Hail the fighter, Hail the agriculturist"), underlining the requirement to help India's sustenance handling. Shastri likewise pushed the Green Revolution. In spite of the fact that he was a socialist, Shastri stated that India can't have a controlled sort of economy.

The Indo-Pak war culminated on 23 September 1965 with United Nations—commanded ceasefire. In a broadcast to the country on the day of ceasefire, Shastri stated:

"While the clash between the military of the two nations has reached a closure, the more critical thing for the United Nations and each one of them who stand for peace is to carry to a close the deeper conflict…By what method can this be realized? In our perspective, the main answer is peaceful coexistence. India has stood for the rule of coexistence / conjunction and championed it onto every part of the planet. Serene conjunction is conceivable right around countries regardless of how profound the contrasts between them, how far separated they are in their political and monetary frameworks, regardless of how powerful the issues that partition them."

After the declaration of ceasefire with Pakistan in 1965, Shastri and Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan went to a summit in Tashkent (previous USSR, now in current Uzbekistan), organised by Alexei Kosygin. On 10 January 1966, Shastri and Khan marked the Tashkent Declaration. PM Shastri ceased to exist in Tashkent because of a heart assault the day following marking the Tashkent Declaration. Shastri's sudden demise has accelerated determined paranoid notions that he was poisoned. The first inquiry into his expiration was led by the Raj Narain Inquiry, as it came to be known, however did not concoct any conclusions and today no record of this analysis exists with the Indian Parliament's library. It was asserted that no post-mortem was finished on Shastri, yet the Indian government in 2009, guaranteed it did have a report of a therapeutic examination led by Shastri's particular doctor Dr. R. N. Chugh and some Russian specialists. Besides, the Prime Minister's Office (PMO) uncovered that there was no record of any pulverization or misfortune of records in the PMO having a course on Shastri's expiration. 

In 2009, when Anuj Dhar, the writer of the book, CIA's Eye on South Asia, asked the Prime Minister's Office under a RTI application (Right to Information Act), to declassify a report supposedly identified with Shastri's passing, the PMO declined to oblige, allegedly referring to that this could expedite hurting of remote relations, cause interruption in the blue grass and cause break of parliamentary concessions. 

An epic verse book in Hindi titled Lalita Ke Aansoo composed by Krant M. L. Verma was distributed in 1978. In this book the deplorable anecdote about the demise of Shastri has been portrayed through the mouth of his wife Lalita Shastri.

Lal Bahadur ShastriHonest Man

Kuldip Nayar, Shastriji's media consultant from 1960 to 1964, reviews that, throughout the Quit India Movement, his little girl was sick and he was discharged on parole from prison. Be that as it may, he can't safeguard her life since specialists had endorsed excessive medications. Later on in 1963, on the day when he was dropped from the bureau, he was sitting in his home in the dim, without a light. The point when inquired as to the excuse for why, he said as he never again is a pastor, all overheads will be paid independent from anyone else and that as a MP and serve he didn't win enough to put something aside for time of need.

Even though Shastri had been a bureau pastor for numerous years in the 1950s, he was abject when he passed on. All he claimed at the close was an old car, which he had acquired in installments from the administration and for which he still owed cash. He was a part of Servants of India publicly accepted norms (which incorporated Gandhiji, Lala Lajpat Rai, Gopal Krishna Gokhle) which asked all its parts to evade aggregation of private property and stay out in the open life as servants of individuals. He was the first line clergyman who surrendered from office emulating a major prepare mishap as he felt ethical authority.

His respectable trustworthy lifestyle has left his life of hopelessness which is reflected in the walls of his house at Ram Nagar, Varanasi in the state of Uttar Pradesh. Bank of Baroda has launched to keep the house of second Prime Minister of India to its lost magnificence. ‘Honesty pays in’ is an adage yet this is what an Honest freedom fighter is getting in returns when he had entire heartedly defended the freedom of his motherland.
Lal Bahadur Shastri's home main entrance before renovation

Lal Bahadur Shastri's home main entrance after renovation
Lal Bahadur Shastri's home courtyard before renovation
Lal Bahadur Shastri's home courtyard after renovation
Lal Bahadur Shastri's guest room before renovation
Lal Bahadur Shastri's guest room after renovation


  1. Nice to read it... L B S is an outstanding personality of India.

  2. thank you sir for this outstanding post dedicated to one of the honest PMs of the nation !! All the respect for Shastri ji for being an inspiration for patriots of the date ... and a very warm thank you for sharing all about him in such prolific manner !!